Foreign trade turnover in the Siberian Federal district in 2019 amounted to 46 billion U.S. dollars
Foreign trade turnover in the Siberian Federal district in 2019 amounted to about 46 billion U.S. dollars and compared to the 2018 decreased by 1.3%.
The decrease in turnover in the Siberian region was mainly due to the reduction in exports – by 3.1%, while the volume of import increased by 6.1%. Our region remains export-oriented – in 2019 for export accounted for about 80% of the turnover, and import, accordingly, slightly more than 20%, – said the Deputy chief of the Siberian customs Department – the chief of service of Federal customs incomes Dmitry Kalyanov.
In trade with foreign countries, the value of exports and imports has decreased, while with CIS countries exports declined and imports grew. The share of CIS countries in the trade turnover of the Siberian Federal district remains the leader and is 87,5%, the share of CIS countries is 12.5%.
In 2019, the trade turnover with CIS countries fell by 0.7%, with CIS countries – by 5.3%. Among the countries – major trading partners still include China (20% of cost volume of the foreign operations district), Netherlands (9%), Germany, Japan and the Republic of Korea (6%), Taiwan (China) and Kazakhstan (5%), USA (4%), Turkey and Ukraine (3%).
In 2019 the turnover of the SFO with China decreased by 5.1%, with the Republic of Korea – 5.8%, with Taiwan – 13.3%, Turkey 8%, Ukraine – by 40.2%. Thus in trade with the Netherlands foreign trade turnover grew by 1.1%, Germany – 6.3%, Japan 1%, Kazakhstan 7.1%, with the United States – 0.2%.
In 2019 compared to the 2018 year value of exports of the Siberian Federal district decreased by 1.2 billion US dollars (3.1%). There was a decrease in the value of exports of fuel and energy products by 6.4%, metals and products from them – by 4.4%, wood and pulp and paper products – by 11.2%. Increased the value of export of engineering products 41.9%, chemical products – by 11.3%, food products and agricultural raw materials – by 24.5%.
In the commodity structure of exports was dominated by fuel and energy products (mainly coal, petroleum products and coke from coal), 46.7% of the value of exports, metals and products from them (mainly aluminium, ferrous metals and articles thereof, copper, Nickel) – 26,4%, wood and pulp and paper products (mostly timber processed and unprocessed) and 9.9%, engineering products (mostly electrical machinery and equipment, machinery and mechanical appliances, vehicles, parts of railway locomotives and rolling stock) – 5,3%, chemical products – by 4.9%, food products – by 3.1%.
In 2019 compared to the 2018 year value of imports SFO increased to 556.5 million dollars (6.1%). Saw an increase in the value of imports of engineering products by 6.9%, chemical products – by 2.7%, metals and products from them – by 12.2%, food products – 2.9%. The import of textile, textile products and footwear in terms of volume decreased by 1.8%.
In the commodity structure of import SFO the share of engineering products was 44.9% of the total value of imports, chemical products for 28.8%, metals and products – of 8.1%, food products – by 5.5%, textiles, textile products and footwear by 3.8%.
Department of public relations of STU