FCS of Russia: import and export of essential goods in January-November 2019

According to customs statistics, in January-November 2019 foreign trade turnover of Russia[1] made up 609,5 billion. USA in comparison with January-November 2018 decreased by 3.1%.

Trade balance was positive in the amount of 161,1 billion to $ 29.9 billion. USA less than in January-November of 2018.

Russia’s exports[2] in January-November 2019 amounted to 385,2 billion. USA in comparison with January-November 2018 dropped by 6.1%. The share of CIS countries accounted for 87.3%, to CIS countries – 12.7 per cent.

The basis of the Russian export in January-November 2019 were traditionally fuel and energy products, whose share in the commodity structure of exports amounted to 62.6 per cent (in January-November 2018 – 64,4%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 67,5% (in January-November 2018 and 68.4%), to CIS countries – 29,0% (36,0%). In comparison with January-November 2018 the value of energy products decreased by 8.6%, and the physical – increased by 3.6%. Among the products of the fuel and energy complex increased physical volumes of export of electricity by 15.5%, motor gasoline – by 12.4%, of coal – by 3.6%. However, decreased physical volumes of export of petroleum products by 7.0%, including kerosene – by 12.1%, diesel fuel – by 9.1%, liquid fuels – 4.1%, supplies of natural gas declined 1.6%.

In the total value of exports the share of metals and products in January-November 2019 9.0% (in January-November 2018 to 9.8%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 8.3% (in January-November 2018 – 9,3%), in CIS countries is 13.6% (12.9 per cent). In comparison with January-November 2018 the value of exports of goods decreased by 13.5%, and individuals – by 10.4%. Decreased physical volumes of export of cast iron by 20.1%, hire flat of iron and non-alloy steel – by 15.6%, semi-finished products of iron and non-alloy steel – 6.8%. However, the increased physical volume of exports of copper by 4.0%, ferroalloys – 0.6%.

The export share of chemical products in January-November 2019 6.4% (in January-November 2018 – 6.0 percent). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 5.3% (in January-November 2018 5,0%), to CIS countries – 13,4% (in January-November 2018 – 12.9 per cent). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 0.5%, and physical increased by 3.8%. Increased physical volumes of export products of organic chemical compounds by 11.7%, paints and varnishes – 11.2%, pharmaceutical products – by 7.1%, fertilizers – by 2.1%, and plastics products – by 1.3%. Decreased physical volumes of supplies of rubber, rubber and products from them by 0.9%.

The share of exports of machinery and equipment in January-November 2019 remained at the level of the previous year and amounted to 6.2%. In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 4.3% (in January-November 2018 – 4,6%), to CIS countries was 19.8% (17.4 percent). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 5.0%. At the same time increased the volume of exports of electrical equipment by 13.5%, means of ground transport, except for railway – 6.7%. Physical volumes of deliveries of passenger cars increased by 19.7% and truck 1.1%.

The share of exports of foodstuffs and raw materials for their production in the commodity structure of export in January-November 2019 amounted to 5.8% (in January-November 2018 and 5.5%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 5.1% (in January-November 2018 at 5.0%), to CIS countries – 10.9 per cent (9.1 per cent). In comparison with January-November 2018 decreased cost volumes of deliveries of these goods by 1.3%, and physical – by 17.3%. At the same time increased the physical volume of export of meat fresh and ice cream at 55,9%, oil sunflower – on 48,8%, cheese and cottage cheese – by 10.0%, the Supply of barley decreased by 29.6%, wheat – by 27.4%, fish fresh and frozen – 5.1%.

The share of exports of timber and pulp and paper products in January-November 2019 was 3.0% (in January-November 2018 and 3.1%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 2.8% (in January-November 2018 and 2.9%), to CIS – 4,6% (4,4%). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 8.1% and individuals – by 1.6%. Decreased volumes of supplies of raw timber by 17.3%. Increased physical volumes of supplies of newsprint is 7.5%, plywood – by 3.3%, timber – by 2.8%.

Import Russia[3] in January-November 2019 amounted to 224,2 billion. USA in comparison with January-November 2018 increased by 2.3%. The share of CIS countries accounted for 88.9 percent for the CIS countries was 11.1%.

In the commodity structure of imports the largest share was accounted for by machinery and equipment – 45,9% (in January-November 2018 – 47,3%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 49.1 per cent (in January-November 2018 – 50,7%), from CIS countries is 20.8% (20.3 per cent). Cost volume of import
this product in comparison with January-November 2018 fell 1.2%, including mechanical equipment – 2.2% electrical equipment – 1.8%, Increased the physical volume of import of trucks by 13.6%, cars – by 3.2%.

The share of chemical products in the commodity structure of import in January-November 2019 was 19.8% (in January-November 2018 – 18,3%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 20.4% (in January-November 2018 to 18.7%), from CIS countries – 14.3 per cent (14.6 per cent). In comparison with January-November 2018 the cost volume of import of chemical products increased by 10.0%, and physical – 8.4%. Volumes increased supply of organic chemical products 16.9%, and plastics products – by 12.8%, fertilizers – by 8.9%, rubber and articles thereof – by 7.5%, products of inorganic chemistry – by 5.8%. At the same time slightly decreased the supply of paints and varnishes by 1.0%.

The share of imports of foodstuffs and raw materials for their production in January-November 2019 was 12.1% (in January-November 2018 and 12.3%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 10.8% (in January-November 2018 – 11,1%), from CIS countries, 22.9 per cent (22.2 per cent). The physical volume of imports of these goods decreased by 2.1%, including the volume of supply of beef is 14.1%, milk and cream, 3.7%. Increased supplies of butter 30.2%, cheese and cottage cheese – by 9.6%, citrus fruits – by 5.1%.

The share of metals and products from them in the import commodity structure in January-November 2019 7.4% (in January-November 2018 of 7.2%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 6.2% (in January-November 2018 – 5,9%), from CIS countries – 16.7 per cent (17.6 per cent). Cost and physical volume of this commodity group increased by 4.3% and 7.7%, respectively. Increased pipe shipments by 1.9 times, metalwork from ferrous metals – by 39.8%, hire flat of iron and non-alloy steel – by 7.8%.

The proportion of textiles and shoes in January-November 2019 amounted to 6.2% (in January-November 2018 and 6.3%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods as last year was 6.1%, from the CIS countries was 7.3 per cent (7.5 per cent). Cost and physical volume of this commodity group increased by 1.1% and 4.2%, respectively.

The share of imports of energy products in January-November of 2019, and in January-November last year, amounted to 0.9%. In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods as in the past year has made 0,5%, from the CIS – 3,7% (4,2%). The value of this commodity group in comparison with the same period last year decreased by 4.1% and volume by 5.7%.

The country’s foreign trade structure of Russia occupies a leading position the European Union as the largest economic partner of the country. The share of the European Union in January-November 2019 accounted for 41.8% of Russian trade turnover (in January-November 2018 – 43,0%), the APEC countries 31.9 per cent (31.1 per cent), the CIS countries and 12.1% (11.9 per cent), on the EAEU countries is 8.6% (8.3 per cent).

The main trade partners of Russia in January-November 2019 among the far abroad countries were: China, trade with which was 99.6 billion. USA (100.9% compared to January-November 2018), Germany – 48.4 billion USD. USA (87,8%), the Netherlands – 45,1 billion dollars. USA (105,5%), United States 24.0 billion USD. USA (105,9%), Turkey – 23.6 billion dollars. USA (101,8%), Italy – 23.0 billion dollars. USA (94,5%), Republic of Korea – 22.8 billion dollars. USA (100,7%), Japan – 18.9 billion dollars. USA (96.4 per cent), Poland – 15.9 billion dollars. USA (80.1 percent), United Kingdom – 15.1 billion dollars. USA (of 118.7%).

The volume of trade with CIS countries in January-November 2018-2019 given below:

million dollars. USA

COUNTRY EXPORT IMPORT
January-November 2018 January-November 2019 January-November 2018 January-November 2019
AZERBAIJAN 1560,8 2099,5 687,7 773,5
ARMENIA 1217,7 1345,3 To 575.1 762,9
BELARUS* 21114,2 19611,3 11867,6 12376,6
KAZAKHSTAN 11896,9 12871,1 4880,2 5054,3
KYRGYZSTAN 1515 1439,6 228,8 296,7
MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF 1058,5 1116,6 320,7 346,8
TAJIKISTAN 788,2 878,8 39,3 33,2
TURKMENISTAN Of 263, 9 449,1 109,2 135,1
UZBEKISTAN 2937,8 3476,5 968,4 1058,3
UKRAINE 8643,6 6217,6 4976,9 4431

* Included the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus.

[1] In the foreign trade turnover of Russia included fish and seafood of the Russian Federation not to be delivered for customs clearance on the territory of the Russian Federation; bunker fuel, fuel, food and materials purchased outside the territory of the Russian Federation; the goods and vehicles imported by individuals; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.

[2] In exports of Russia included fish and seafood of the Russian Federation not to be delivered for customs clearance on the territory of the Russian Federation; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.

[3] the import of Russia included bunker fuel, fuel, food and materials purchased outside the territory of the Russian Federation; the goods and vehicles imported by individuals; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.