FCS of Russia: import and export of essential goods in January-April 2020

According to customs statistics, in January-April 2020 foreign trade turnover of Russia[1] amounted to 184,9 billion. USA in comparison with January-April 2019 decreased by 15.0%.

Trade balance was positive in the amount of 42,9 billion dollars. USA, which is 23.7 billion. USA less than in January-April 2019.

Russia’s exports[2] in January-April 2020 amounted to 113.9 billion. USA in comparison with January-April 2019 decreased by 19.8%. The share of CIS countries accounted for 88.2%, of the CIS countries is 11.8%.

The basis of the Russian export in January-April 2020 were traditionally fuel and energy products, whose share in the commodity structure of exports amounted to 58.0% (in January-April 2019 – 65.8 per cent). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 63.0% (in January-April 2019 – 70,0%), to CIS countries – of 20.9% (34,8%). In comparison with January-April 2019 the value of energy products decreased by 29.3%, and physical – by 9.0%. Exports of goods fuel and energy complex decreased physical volumes of electricity supply – by 45.7%, natural gas 24.1%, kerosene – by 4.5%, crude oil – by 3.8%, oil and oil products – by 3.5%. However, the increased physical volume of exports of gasoline by 46.9%.

In the total value of exports the share of metals and products in January-April 2020 amounted to 9.2% (in January-April 2019 from 9.4%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 8.3% (in January-April 2019 – 8,9%), to CIS countries – 16.3 per cent (13.0 per cent). In comparison with January-April of 2019, the value of exports of goods fell by 21.1%, and physical – by 12.6%. Decreased physical volumes of export of cast iron by 37.4%, aluminum – by 35.3%, copper and copper alloys – 23.4%, hire flat of iron and non-alloy steel – by 11.9%, ferroalloys – by 9.8%, semi-finished products of iron and non-alloy steel – by 7.0%.

The export share of chemical products in January-April 2020 was 6.4% (in January-April 2019 – 6.0 percent). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 5.2% (in January-April 2019 at 5.0%), to CIS countries – to 15.2% (13.2 percent). In comparison with January-April last year, the exports of these products decreased by 14.9%, and physical – by 8.8%. Decreased physical volumes of export of rubber and rubber by 17.3%, products of inorganic chemistry and organic chemical compounds – by 18.1% and 10.0%, respectively, as well as fertilizers 9.1%. However, the increased physical volume of export of plastics and products from them by 32.6%, pharmaceutical products – 26.6%, Soaps and detergents – by 17.1%.

The share of exports of machinery and equipment in January-April 2020 5.5% (in January-April 2019 at 5.0%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 3.9% (in January-April 2019 – 3,4%), to CIS countries – 17.9 per cent (16.7 per cent). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 11.1%. Decreased the supply of electrical equipment 24.4%, means of ground transport, except for railway – 32.6%, tools and devices optical – on 25,6%, mechanical equipment – by 1.4%. Physical volumes of deliveries of passenger cars fell by 35.2% and of trucks – by 30.2%.

The share of exports of foodstuffs and raw materials for their production in the commodity structure of export in January-April 2020 amounted to 8.1% (in January-April 2019 – 5,3%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 7.1% (in January-April 2019 – 4,6%), to CIS countries – 15.0 per cent (9.9 per cent). In comparison with January-April 2019 cost and physical volumes of deliveries of these products increased by 23.0% and 30.1%, respectively. Increased physical volumes of export of fresh and frozen pork in 2.2 times, meat fresh and ice cream – 2.0 times, poultry – at 77.5%, wheat – by 22.0%, butter – by 20.4%, milk and cream – by 8.6%. Decreased delivery of export fish fresh and frozen 4.3%.

The share of exports of timber and pulp and paper products in January-April 2020 amounted to 3.4% (in January-April 2019 and 3.0%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 3.2% (in January-April of 2019 is 2.9%), to CIS countries – 4.9 per cent (4.3 per cent). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 11.0%, and physical – 6.8%. Decreased physical volumes of export of unprocessed timber by 23.8%, timber – by 9.8%, newsprint – by 9.7%, while volumes increased supplies of plywood of 9.5%.

Import Russia[3] in January-April 2020 amounted to 71.0 per billion. USA in comparison with January-April 2019 decreased by 5.9%. The share of CIS countries accounted for 89.5 per cent, from CIS countries – of 10.5%.

In the commodity structure of imports the largest share was accounted for by machinery and equipment – 46,0% (in January-April 2019 – 45,6%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 48.6 per cent (in January-April 2019 – 48,9%), from CIS countries to 23.3% (19.8 per cent). Cost volume of import of this production in comparison with January-April 2019 decreased by 5.1%. Decreased volumes of import of electrical equipment by 3,2%, mechanical equipment –by 1.0%, with the increased volume of import of tools and devices optical – on 7,3%. Decreased physical volumes of import of cars by 26.3%, and trucks to 36.1%.

The share of chemical products in the commodity structure of import in January-April 2020 was 18.4% (in January-April 2019 – 19,2%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 19,0% (in January-April 2019 – 19,7%), CIS – 13.2 per cent (15.2 per cent). In comparison with January-April 2019 the cost volume of import of chemical industry products decreased by 9.8%, and physical – by 1.9%. Decreased volumes of supplies of pharmaceutical products by 37.7%, rubber and rubber – 9.1%, organic chemical products – by 6.9%, with the increased supply of fertilizers 25.2%, cosmetic products – by 10.7%, Soaps and detergents – by 3.4%.

The share of imports of foodstuffs and raw materials for their production in January-April 2020 to 14.2% (in January-April of 2019 with 13.4%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 13,0% (in January-April 2019 – 12,1%), from CIS countries – 25,0% (23,1%). Value of imports increased slightly by 0.1%, while physical volumes decreased by 1.7%. The supply of milk and cream increased by 16.4%, butter – by 15.1%, cheese and cottage cheese – by 5.1%. Decreased physical volumes of import of sunflower oil 81.6%, fresh meat and ice cream – 30.3%, citrus fruits – by 10.1%, fish fresh and frozen – 8.8%.

The proportion of textiles and shoes in January-April 2020 6.5% (in January-April 2019 and 6.3%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 6.3% (in January-April 2019 – 6,2%), from CIS countries, 7.9 per cent (7.6 per cent). The value of imports of these goods decreased slightly by 3.9%, and the physical – 4.5%, respectively.

The share of metals and products from them in the commodity structure of import in January-April 2020 amounted to 7.0% (in January-April 2019 – 7.2 per cent). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 6.2% (in January-April 2019 – 6,0%), from CIS countries – 13,4% (to 16.5%). Decreased the value of this commodity group in comparison with January-April 2019 8.6%, and physical – by 18.9%. Decreased supply of ferrous metals and products from them by 21.8%, including pipe – by 33.2%, hire flat of iron and non-alloy steel, 15.9% At the same time increased the physical volume of import of metal structures from ferrous metals by 4.4%.

The share of imports of energy products in January-April 2020 amounted to 0.8% (in January-April 2019 – 0,9%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods remained at the level of the previous year and amounted to 0.5%, of CIS – 3,5% (4,2%). Cost and physical volumes of this product group, compared with the same period last year decreased by 18.5% and 7.4% respectively.

The country’s foreign trade structure of Russia occupies a leading position the European Union as the largest economic partner of the country. The share of the European Union in January-April 2020 accounted for 40.3% of Russian trade turnover (in January-April 2019 – 43,0%), from CIS countries – 11.3 percent (11.9 percent), on the EAEU countries is 7.9% (8,3%), the APEC countries – 33,9% (of 31.3%).

The main trade partners of Russia in January-April 2020 among the far abroad countries were: China, trade with which amounted to 31.8 billion dollars. USA (93.3% January-April 2019), Germany – 13.4 billion dollars. USA (73,0%), Netherlands – us $ 10.9 billion. USA (61,6%), USA – 8.8 billion. USA (105,5%), Turkey – 7.2 billion dollars. USA (88,6%), Republic of Korea – us $ 6.7 billion. USA (79.5 per cent), Italy at 6.6 billion. USA (82,8%), the United Kingdom, us $ 6.4 billion. USA (154,6%), Japan – $ 5.6 billion. USA (83.5 per cent), Poland – $ 4.8 billion. USA (87,0%).

The volume of trade with CIS countries in January-April 2019-2020 given below:

million dollars. USA

COUNTRY EXPORT IMPORT
January-April 2019 January-April

2020

January-April

2019

January-April

2020

AZERBAIJAN 615,6 669,4 211,1 216,8
ARMENIA 424 461,3 223,3 178,3
BELARUS* 7082,5 4661,9 4196,5 3848,1
KAZAKHSTAN 4115,8 3975,2 1826,8 1422,4
KYRGYZSTAN 480,6 455,7 91 67
MOLDOVA 470,4 354,7 129,1 126,6
TAJIKISTAN 281 261,3 9,3 9
TURKMENISTAN 87,6 281,4 47,2 236,7
UZBEKISTAN 1091,6 1393,4 The 352.5 328,2
UKRAINE 2897,2 1217,4 1587,1 1159,3

* Included the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus.

[1] In the foreign trade turnover of Russia included fish and seafood of the Russian Federation not to be delivered for customs clearance on the territory of the Russian Federation; bunker fuel, fuel, food and materials purchased outside the territory of the Russian Federation; the goods and vehicles imported by individuals; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.

[2] In exports of Russia included fish and seafood of the Russian Federation not to be delivered for customs clearance on the territory of the Russian Federation; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.

[3] the import of Russia included bunker fuel, fuel, food and materials purchased outside the territory of the Russian Federation; the goods and vehicles imported by individuals; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.