FCS: data on exports and imports of Russia for the 2019

According to customs statistics, in January-December 2019 the foreign trade turnover of Russia[1] amounted to 672,0 billion. USA in comparison with January-December 2018 declined by 3.0%.

Trade balance was positive in the amount of 177,2 billion. USA, down 33.7 billion. USA less than in January-December of 2018.

Russia’s exports[2] in January-December 2019 amounted to 424,6 billion. USA in comparison with January-December 2018 declined by 6.0%. The share of CIS countries accounted for 87.4%, other white, CIS countries is 12.6%.

The basis of the Russian export in January-December 2019 were traditionally fuel and energy products, whose share in the commodity structure of exports amounted to 62,1% (in January-December 2018 – 63,8%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 66,9% (in January-December 2018 – 67,8%), to CIS countries – 29,0% (35,7%). In comparison with January-December 2018 the value of energy products decreased by 8.5%, and individuals – has increased by 3.4%. Among the products of the fuel and energy complex increased physical volume of exports of gasoline by 23.1%, electricity – by 12.8%, of coal – by 2.9%. However, decreased physical volumes of export of oil products by 5.0%, including kerosene – 9.9%, diesel fuel – by 6.5%, liquid fuels – 3.2%, natural gas supplies fell by 0.3%.

In the total value of exports the share of metals and products in January-December 2019 amounted to 8.9% (in January-December 2018 – 9.7 per cent). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 8.2% (in January-December 2018 – 9,3%), to CIS countries – 13,5% (12,8%). In comparison with January-December 2018 export value of goods dropped by 14.1%, and individuals – 11.7%. Decreased physical volumes of export of cast iron by 26.4%, hire flat of iron and non-alloy steel – by 16.8%, semi-finished products of iron and non-alloy steel – by 7.9%. However, the increased physical volume of exports of copper 7.6%, ferroalloys – by 0.3%.

The export share of chemical products in January-December 2019 6.4% (in January-December 2018 and 6.1%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 5.4% (in January-December 2018 5,2%), to CIS countries – 13,3% (in January-December 2018 – 12.8 percent). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 1.7%, and the physical – increased by 2.5%. Increased physical volumes of export products of organic chemical compounds by 5.5%, including paints and varnishes – 11.6%, pharmaceutical products – by 6.7%, fertilizers – 1.6%, and plastics products – by 1.5%. Decreased physical volumes of supplies of rubber, rubber and products from them by 2.1%.

The share of exports of machinery and equipment in January-December of 2019 remained at the level of the previous year and amounted to 6.5%. In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 4.6% (in January-December 2018 to 4.9%), to CIS countries– of 19.9% (17.9 per cent). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 5.0%. At the same time increased the volume of exports of electrical equipment 12.4%, means of ground transport except rail transport – by 9.8%. Physical volumes of deliveries of passenger cars increased by 16.7% and trucks decreased by 2.9%.

The share of exports of foodstuffs and raw materials for their production in the commodity structure of export in January-December 2019 was 5.9% (in January-December of 2018 to 5.5%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 5.1% (in January-December 2018 at 5.0%), to CIS countries – of 11.0% (9.2 percent). In comparison with January-December 2018 decreased value the volume of supply of these goods by 0.7%, and physical – is 16.2%. At the same time increased the physical volume of export of meat fresh and ice cream 54.5%, sunflower oil – by 46.6%, cheese and cottage cheese – by 9.3%. Deliveries of barley decreased by 27.9%, wheat 27.6%, fish fresh and frozen – 4.1%.

The share of exports of timber and pulp and paper products in January-December 2019 was 3.0% (in January-December 2018 and 3.1%). In the commodity structure of export to the far abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 2.8% (in January-December 2018 and 2.9%), to CIS – 4,5% (4,4%). Cost volume of export of this commodity group decreased by 8.1% and individuals – by 1.5%. Decreased volumes of supplies of raw timber to 16.4%. Increased physical volumes of supplies of newsprint by 7.0%, timber – by 3.0%, plywood – by 2.8%.

Import Russia[3] in January-December 2019 amounted to 247,4 billion. USA in comparison with January-December 2018 increased by 2.7%. The share of CIS countries accounted for 88.9 percent for the CIS countries was 11.1%.

In the commodity structure of imports the largest share was accounted for by machinery and equipment – 46,2% (in January-December 2018 – 47,3%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 49.3% (in January-December 2018 – 50,6%), from CIS countries – of 20.9% (to 20.5%). Cost volume of import of this production in comparison with January-December 2018 fell 0.2%, including mechanical equipment – 0.9% electrical equipment – 0.5%, Increased the physical volume of import of trucks by 13.7%, passenger cars – by 3.2%.

The share of chemical products in the commodity structure of import in January-December 2019 amounted to 19.6% (in January-December 2018 – to 18.3%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 20.2% (in January-December 2018 to 18.7%), from CIS countries – 14.6 per cent (14.7 per cent). In comparison with January-December 2018 cost volume of import of chemical products increased by 9.6%, and physical – by 8.3%. Increased volumes of supplies of products of organic chemistry by 17.2%, of plastics and their products – by 12.9%, of caoutchouc, rubber and products from them – by 7.6%, products of inorganic chemistry – by 5.7%, fertilizers – by 4.9%. At the same time slightly decreased the supply of paints and varnishes by 1.1%.

The share of imports of foodstuffs and raw materials for their production in January-December 2019 amounted to 12.2% (in January-December 2018 – 12,5%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 10.9% (in January-December 2018 11,2%), from CIS countries, 22.9 per cent (22.4 per cent). Import volumes of these products decreased 2.7%, including exports of beef meat by 14.6%, milk and cream – by 4.3%. Increased supplies of butter by 31.2%, fish fresh and frozen – by 9.0% and cheese and curd – by 9.0%.

The share of metals and products from them in the import commodity structure in January-December 2019 was 7.3% (in January-December 2018 of 7.2%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 6.2% (in January-December 2018 – 5,9%), from CIS countries – 16.5 per cent (17.3 per cent). Cost and physical volume of this commodity group increased by 4.3% and 6.9%, respectively. Increased supplies of pipes 1.8 times of steel structures made of ferrous metals – by 37.6%, hire flat of iron and non-alloy steel – by 7.5%.

The proportion of textiles and shoes in January-December 2019 as the last year was 6.2%. In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods as last year was 6.1%, from CIS countries – 7,3% (7,4%). Cost and physical volume of this commodity group increased by 1.8% and 4.5%, respectively.

The share of imports of energy products in January-December 2019 amounted to 0.9% (in January-December 2018 – 1,0%). In the commodity structure of import from far-abroad countries the share of these goods amounted to 0.5% (in January-December 2018 – 0,6%), CIS – 3,6% (4,2%). The value of this commodity group in comparison with the same period last year decreased by 7.8% and the physical volume by 7.4%.

The country’s foreign trade structure of Russia occupies a leading position the European Union as the largest economic partner of the country. The share of the European Union in January-December 2019 accounted for 41.7% of Russian trade turnover (in January-December 2018 – 42,8%), the APEC countries – 31,8% (31,0%), the CIS countries and 12.1% (11,8%), the member States of the EAEU 8.6 per cent (8.2 per cent).

The main trade partners of Russia in January-December 2019 among the far abroad countries were: China, trade with which amounted to 110.9 billion. USA (102,5% to January-December 2018), Germany – 53,2 billion. USA (89,1%), the Netherlands – 48.7 billion dollars. USA (103,5%), USA – 26.3 billion dollars. USA (104,9%), Turkey – 26.0 billion dollars. USA (101,9%), Italy – 25.2 bln. USA (93.5 per cent), the Republic of Korea – 24.4 billion dollars. USA (98,1%), Japan – 20.3 billion dollars. USA (95.5 per cent), Poland – 17,5 billion. USA (80,6%), United Kingdom – 17.3 billion dollars. USA (125,6%).

The volume of trade with CIS countries in January-December 2018-2019 to the following: mln. USA

COUNTRY EXPORT IMPORT
January-December 2018 January-December 2019 January-December 2018 January-December 2019
AZERBAIJAN 1713,4 2312,8 773,5 856,9
ARMENIA 1351,8 1680,0 636,3 829,9
BELARUS* 22923,0 21505,0 13035,8 13500,1
KAZAKHSTAN 13041,2 14050,8 5348,9 5571,0
KYRGYZSTAN 1638,4 1550,1 251,5 316,2
MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF 1204,6 1257,2 355,6 383,4
TAJIKISTAN 849,6 953,1 44,3 36,9
TURKMENISTAN 288,8 543,3 122,8 151,5
UZBEKISTAN 3317,8 3908,2 1063,5 1177,7
UKRAINE 9521,1 6619,4 5462,0 4834,6

* Included the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus.

[1] In the foreign trade turnover of Russia included fish and seafood of the Russian Federation not to be delivered for customs clearance on the territory of the Russian Federation; bunker fuel, fuel, food and materials purchased outside the territory of the Russian Federation; the goods and vehicles imported by individuals; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.

[2] In exports of Russia included fish and seafood of the Russian Federation not to be delivered for customs clearance on the territory of the Russian Federation; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.

[3] the import of Russia included bunker fuel, fuel, food and materials purchased outside the territory of the Russian Federation; the goods and vehicles imported by individuals; the adjustments for unaccounted volumes of mutual trade with the countries of the EEU.